List of Concerns in Jharkhand
Jharkhand is situated in the eastern part of India. Jharkhand means "The land of
forests'' as 29% of the state is covered by 'jhars' (forests) and woodlands. It
is the 28th State of the Indian Union. It's bordering states are Bihar to the North,
Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the West, Orissa to the South and West Bengal
to the East.
The demand for a separate State of ''Vananchal'' or granting autonomy to ''Greater
Jharkhand'' kept lingering for a long time but was put off due to various reasons.
Jharkhand was a part of the southern part of Bihar but was formed as a separate
state on 15 November, 2000. This day of 15 November also marks the birth anniversary
of Birsa Munda who was an important leader of the tribals of Chota Nagpur region
and was considered as 'bhagwan' by his followers.
The Capital city of Jharkhand is Ranchi which is an industrial hub. Ranchi Airport
connects important cities of Patna, New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. Jharkhand comprises
of 24 Districts, 212 Blocks and 32,620 villages. Jharkhand is located on Chota Nagpur
Plateau and Santhal Parganas and is endowed with evergreen forests and mineral wealth.
It covers an area of 79,714 sq kms.
The State boasts of richness not only in terms of mineral wealth, but also in terms
of culture, languages spoken, festivals celebrated, tourism spots, waterfalls, folk
music and dances. Around 32 tribal communities are there in Jharkhand which include
Santhals, Mundas, Oraons, Hos, Asur, Bathudi, Bedia, Banjara and Baiga among others.
Languages spoken are Hindi, Urdu, Magahi, Khortha, and Nagpuri.
Best and First
- Largest fertilizer factory of its time in India at Sindri
- First Iron & steel factory at Jamshedpur
- Largest Steel plant in Asia, Bokaro steel plant.
- Biggest explosives factory at Gomia
- First methane gas well in the country
Jharkhand is a new State and it is steadily progressing towards achieving new frontiers
in almost every field. The State has abundance of natural resources. Dhanbad, Ranchi,
Jamshedpur and Bokaro are industrial hubs. Evergreen forests, rivers, adequate availability
of power and water and some of the premier educational institutions find place in
this State. Air, rail and road connectivity is satisfactory for traveling and carrying
out business and is being modernised. And last but not the least, Jharkhand is known
for its scenic beauty and rich tribal culture. The age old tribal traditions and
the new age Industrial development is what makes Jharkhand so unique.
More and more Steel, Aluminum, Cement and Power Sectors are signing MoU. The State
Government too is providing various incentives to encourage investment in the State.
These include Single Window Act, and Jharkhand Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Act.
Some other projects which deserve mention here are setting up of industrial parks
like food, automobile, agro processing, electronics and steel park, Software Technology
Park (STP) of India (Ranchi), Adityapur Toll Bridge, Industrial corridor along NH-33
from Koderma to Bahragora.SEZ (Special Economic Zone) at Adityapur has been shown
the green flag.
There is land available to start new industries and even expand those already present.
Tata Steel Ltd. is implementing its expansion plan. 20 -25% of the total steel produced
in India comes from Jharkhand. There has been an increase in Steel Production to
almost 12 million tonnes per annum during the 11th plan period. MSME( Micro, Small
and Medium Enterprises are being welcomed. A number of mega industries too are trying
to find base in this State.
There has been advancement and growth in Sericulture Sector, Mining and Quarrying
Sector, Bio-technology and I.T. Sectors. The Government proposes to modernize and
upgrade small scale industries like sericulture, handloom, khadi, textiles and handicrafts
and give them assistance for proper marketing and generation of income. Setting
up of new Industries will boost employment opportunities. The steady advancement
of Jharkhand as compared to some other States can be gauged from the fact that the
GSDP( Gross Domestic Product) of the State has increased from Rs 39191.09 crore
in 2000-01 to around Rs 120010.20 crore in 2010-11. The per capita income has risen
to Rs 14,992 in 2010-11. The Jharkhand Industrial Policy 2012 also encourages Public-Private-Partnership
(PPP) in areas concerning Power, telecom, airports and roads etc.
Infrastructural development has been given special importance. JIIDCO(Jharkhand
Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited), which was set up in
2004, works for developing Industrial infrastructural growth in Jharkhand. JINFRA(Jharkhand
Infrastructure Development Corporation)has executed projects like Adityapur City
Centre, National Housing Complex, Mega Industrial Growth Centre, and Barhi.
On one hand, the Government is making policies to attract investment in Jharkhand.
However, It is also keen to work on sustainable Industrial growth of the State by
encouraging industries to resort to measures such as rain water harvesting, re-use
of waste water and recycling, revive the sick units, work for upliftment of tribal
population of the State and give them employment opportunities etc. Special incentives
have been designed for women and SC/ST entrepreneurs. Most of the industries today
work hard to get quality certification such as ISO 9000/14000 etc.
Private Universities, Medical and Engineering Colleges are being encouraged in the
State to produce skilled workmen for intake into these industries. Professionals
from premier institutes like XLRI (Jamshedpur), ISM (Dhanbad), NIT (Adityapur),
BIT (Sindri), BIT (Mesra), XISS (Ranchi) etc. can share their expertise for better
production, administration or marketing of goods produced in these industries. Most
of the Government Departments have become fully computerised so that land registration,
payment of taxes, procurement of birth and death certificates or even filing a Tender
from anywhere in the Globe is just a click away. Sea Port access is being simplified
by development of navigational infrastructure on Ganga River. To render help to
export oriented industries, the Government is setting up Air Cargo Complex at Ranchi.
Land bank will be created in every district by acquiring about 200-500 acres of
land (Industrial estates) and the Government has resolved to provide the basic industrial
infrastructure. The man power, both skilled and unskilled are available at reasonable
price in the State. For a State which was born on 15th November, 2000, it is a matter
of pride to climb the ladder of success slowly and steadily.